Urban Outcasts: A Comparative Sociology of Advanced Marginality

Urban Outcasts: A Comparative Sociology of Advanced Marginality

Loïc Wacquant John Howe / Nov 15, 2019

Urban Outcasts A Comparative Sociology of Advanced Marginality Breaking with the exoticizing cast of public discourse and conventional research Urban Outcasts takes the reader inside the black ghetto of Chicago and the deindustrializing banlieue of Paris to disc

  • Title: Urban Outcasts: A Comparative Sociology of Advanced Marginality
  • Author: Loïc Wacquant John Howe
  • ISBN: 9780745631240
  • Page: 469
  • Format: Hardcover
  • Breaking with the exoticizing cast of public discourse and conventional research, Urban Outcasts takes the reader inside the black ghetto of Chicago and the deindustrializing banlieue of Paris to discover that urban marginality is not everywhere the same Drawing on a wealth of original field, survey and historical data, Loic Wacquant shows that the involution of America sBreaking with the exoticizing cast of public discourse and conventional research, Urban Outcasts takes the reader inside the black ghetto of Chicago and the deindustrializing banlieue of Paris to discover that urban marginality is not everywhere the same Drawing on a wealth of original field, survey and historical data, Loic Wacquant shows that the involution of America s urban core after the 1960s is due not to the emergence of an underclass , but to the joint withdrawal of market and state fostered by public policies of racial separation and urban abandonment In European cities, by contrast, the spread of districts of exclusion does not herald the formation of ghettos It stems from the decomposition of working class territories under the press of mass unemployment, the casualization of work and the ethnic mixing of populations hitherto segregated, spawning urban formations akin to anti ghettos Comparing the US Black Belt with the French Red Belt demonstrates that state structures and policies play a decisive role in the articulation of class, race and place on both sides of the Atlantic It also reveals the crystallization of a new regime of marginality fuelled by the fragmentation of wage labour, the retrenchment of the social state and the concentration of dispossessed categories in stigmatized areas bereft of a collective idiom of identity and claims making These defamed districts are not just the residual sinkholes of a bygone economic era, but also the incubators of the precarious proletariat emerging under neoliberal capitalism.Urban Outcasts sheds new light on the explosive mix of mounting misery, stupendous affluence and festering street violence resurging in the big cities of the First World By specifying the different causal paths and experiential forms assumed by relegation in the American and the French metropolis, this book offers indispensable tools for rethinking urban marginality and for reinvigorating the public debate over social inequality and citizenship at century s dawn.

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    About "Loïc Wacquant John Howe"

      • Loïc Wacquant John Howe

        Lo c Wacquant is a sociologist, specializing in urban sociology, urban poverty, racial inequality, the body, social theory and ethnography.Wacquant is currently a Professor of Sociology and Research Associate at the Earl Warren Legal Institute, University of California, Berkeley, where he is also affiliated with the Program in Medical Anthropology and the Center for Urban Ethnography, and Researcher at the Centre de sociologie europ enne in Paris He has been a member of the Harvard Society of Fellows, a MacArthur Prize Fellow, and has won numerous grants including the Fletcher Foundation Fellowship and the Lewis Coser Award of the American Sociological Association.


    588 Comments

    1. In Urban Outcasts, Wacquant discusses the emergence of what he terms "advanced marginality" and how it is manifested in urban space in the US as the "hyperghetto". He argues that the urban marginality we see today in the US is fundamentally different from urban poverty in the 1960s and 70s. A kind of marginality that is more entrenched, spatially concentrated and isolating than that in previous decades, Wacquant argues that advanced marginality is first and foremost the product of racial discrim [...]


    2. On ne peut pas ouvrir sans appréhension le livre d’un sociologue dont Wikipédia annonce sans rire qu’il a jeté «les linéaments d’une épistémologie du sujet objectivant » (sic). Mais, passées les réticences qu’inspire un sabir inutile , le livre de Loïc Wacquant se révèle riche d’enseignements sur les « quartiers » et leurs pathologies.L’auteur, jeune sociologue français disciple de Pierre Bourdieu, parti à Chicago poursuivre un doctorat sur le système colonial de No [...]


    3. Solid on issues of both race and economics, this is a great book to take you outside the American experience and look back in. It is the American experience I am focusing on for my own research, so this review is one sided even though I fully accept Wacquant's critique of such a focus. I felt less bad about it, as in my own opinion, the comparison of American ghettos and the French banlieux reveals there is no real comparison, interesting as the two are. What it does support is Wacquant's key ar [...]


    4. In general, Loic Wacquant is a genius, but this wasn't really his best. The first three chapters were very redundant and not particularly insightful. The bits about France were interesting, though - i'd recommend skipping right to those chapters.


    5. In this semi-ethnographic study, Loic Wacquant compares the black ghetto of Chicago and the deindustrializing banlieue of Paris and agues that urban maginality is not the same everywhere. The hyperghettos of Chicago are isolated, containers for poor blacks, which have been abandoned by the market and state. In contrast, the anti-ghettos of Paris are ethnic, heterogenous industrial locales.In this book, Wacuant argues that researchers and policymakers have completely ignored the role of race and [...]


    6. Une lecture très intéressante qui éclaire la formation et le fonctionnement structurel des ghettos américains et des banlieues françaises. L'auteur compare en fait les deux systèmes qui, malgré des similitudes, sont assez différents. C'est à partir de là que l'on dépasse la vision des médias. Parler de ghettoisation concernant les banlieues françaises relève non seulement d'une méconnaissance de l'historique du ghetto noir américain mais aussi de son fonctionnement et ses relatio [...]


    7. epo/uitgeverij/boekinfoParia's van de stad neemt de lezer mee naar het zwarte getto van Chicago en de banlieues in Frankrijk. Aan de hand van oorspronkelijk veldwerk, statistisch onderzoek en historische gegevens bewijst Loïc Wacquant dat er grote verschillen zijn tussen de stedelijke marginaliteit in Europa en in de VS. Aan weerszijden van de oceaan bepalen vooral het overheidsbeleid en de structuren van de staat hoe klasse, ras en woonplaats elkaar beïnvloeden.Dit boek werpt een nieuw licht [...]


    8. This is a book iam reading. It is a "comparityive sociology of advanced marginality." Loic looks at the hyper ghettoization of the the black urban core in the united states. Loic comapres this to the suburban peripheries of France. Loic's point is to demonstrate the how marginality is differs in both places. Loic wants to maintain the historic and cultural specifities of these two different places, while at the same time, showing how there are external, structural economic factors that shape the [...]


    9. A comparison of the "ghettos" of Paris and South Side Chicago. There's some great stuff denouncing the supposed ghettoization of France, and some wonderful critiques of the idea of the underclass. The last part sets out his ideas on advanced marginality, which are helpful in understanding the interactions of race and class in both countries.


    10. A well-organised presentation of analysis and findings from his years of ethnographic field work in Chicago and Paris's ghetto. Worth reading, especially his way of presenting the argument is flawless.


    11. Ik heb het in het Nederlands gelezen: Paria's van de stad, het leest heel vlot en slaat de nagel op de kop. Hoe steden hun eigen marginaliteit kweken


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